LG Chem Ltd.`s EV battery plant in Nanjing, China. [Photo provided by LG Chem Ltd.]
South Korea’s top secondary battery maker LG Chem Ltd. pledged additional investment of 1.2 trillion won ($1 billion) to ramp up secondary battery capacity in China to ensure economies of scale ahead of explosive demand to power from small gadgets to moving smart vehicles.
LG Chem said Thursday that it signed a deal with the Nanjing city government of China to invest 600 billion won each in its first EV battery plant and small-sized battery plant located in the Nanjing Economical & Technological Development Zone, by 2020. The company said the investment is to actively respond to the fast-growing demand for batteries powering electric cars as well as non-IT products such as power tools and wireless vacuum cleaners.
On Thursday, shares of LG Chem closed 1.42 percent lower at 347,000 won.
The latest expansion plan of its battery production facilities in China comes just six months after the company announced to build a second battery plant in Binjiang Development Zone in Nanjing, China at an investment of around $1.9 billion in stages by 2023. The company broke ground for the second battery manufacturing plant in the country that is expected to produce more than 500,000 units of high-performing EV batteries.
The leading Korean battery market has been making bold moves to scale up its battery production capacity on expectations that demand for both EV and non-IT batteries would grow in explosive pace.
The global EV market size is expected to reach 22 million units by 2025 from 6.1 million units in 2019 to make up more than one-fifth of the global car market, according to SNE Research, a market researcher on renewable energy. The demand for small-sized cylinder-type battery packs that are typically used in electric tools, golf carts, and bicycles is also growing sharply. The demand for cylinder-type batteries worldwide is estimated at 6 billion units this year, nearly tripled from 2.3 billion units in 2015, according to market research B3.
LG Chem’s latest investment underscores the company’s sense of anxiety against China’s ascension and dominance in the secondary battery market backed by Beijing support. According to SNE Research’s data, LG Chem’s share in the global secondary battery market stood at 8.0 percent as of the end of November last year, down 1.8 percentage points from a year-ago period. The company ranked fourth in the world with its EV battery shipments of 6.19 gigawatt-hours (GWh) in January-November last year, which grew by 42.2 percent, far below the industry’s average of 72.8 percent.
LG Chem’s investment in China has also picked up speed after the National Development Reform Commission that oversees investment in the auto sector last year resumed issuing permits to foreign makers enabling them to expand capacity to draw more foreign investment after a halt. Sales by LG Chem and other Korean battery makers in China, the world’s largest EV market, fell sharply after Beijing had excluded Korean names in its EV subsidy program in a measure believed to promote domestic players for a while.
LG Chem hopes it can run its second plant in China in full capacity once Beijing phases out EV subsidies by 2021.
By Lee Jae-cheol and Cho Jeehyun
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